Although STANAG-5065 indicates the standards required for naval LF shore-to-ship broadcast with **KW-46** encryption devices [1], some implementations of this standards can also be found in HF waveforms such as the FSK 50Bd/850. I came up with the idea to depeen after reading an interesting Christoph Mayer' post .

Quoting STANAG-5065 Annex A, BASEBAND PROCESSING [2]:

*"Encryption and decryption sall be provided by KW-46 interoperable cryptographic equipment operating in the 6.0 Stepped Digital mode. Encryption by the KW-46 equipment sall be coded in the 7-0 unit SART-TOP ITA2 alphabet. Encryption by the KW-46 equipment will result in bits 1 through 6 being encrypted and ***bit 7 (STOP) being replaced with an unencrypted and deterministic Fibonacci bit**", where* "Fibonacci bits = Deterministic unencrypted bits used by the KW-46 interoperable cryptographic equipment to provide synchronization defined by the polynomial ***x^31+x^3+1**."

7-bit frame delimited by KW-46 sync bit
x |
x |
x |
x |
x |
x |
KW-46 |

1 |
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 |
6 |
7 |

The goal was to arrange the demodulated bits (courtesy of Christoph) into a 7-bit format stream and then process each column of the stream in order to find a descrambler polynomial - if any - that was the same as the one indicated in STANAG-5065 standard. As expected, only the bit-7 column can be successfully descrambled using the polynomial x^31+x^3+1.

As seen, STANAG-5065 and KW-46 can be meet also in HF secured naval broadcasts with the commonly used FSK waveform 50Bd/850Hz. For what concerns the users, such signals were recorded on 4905, 4985, 7455 and 16123 Khz (all CFs) using KiwiSDRs located at DF0KL and at Newport,OR: user is ~~probably~~ US Navy.

** [1]** In the late 1980's, the KW-46 simplex cryptosystem was introduced in order to provide communications security (COMSEC) for naval broadcasts to naval fleets (Fleet Broadcast). Formally, this equipment is called "Fleet Broadcast Security Equipment, TSEC/KW-46". The KW-46 consists of the KWT-46 transmitter and the KWR-46 receiver (code name Vallor).

**[2]** STANAG-5065 Annex A