5 June 2018

Nokia msg terminal + Tadiran HF equipment

Transmission picked up some days ago by my friend AngazU using the SM2BYC Kiwi sdr. The signal is composed of an initial tone followed by a preamble consisting of F7B modulation (apparently MFSK-4) and two simultaneous FSK modulations (Fig. 1). As suggest by cryptomaster and KarapuZ, this is an interesting example of a Nokia Adaptive MSG Terminal which is used along with a Tadiran HF equipment that presumably provides an active noise cancellation feature.

Fig. 1 - waveforms
The upper FSK 125Bd/290 delivers the same 84-bit pattern and it's interesting to note that the last 84-bit sequence is sent in opposite polarity:  perhaps signalling the last group/block of data (sent in the lower FSK).  The same parameters (FSK and 84-bit pattern length) has been discussed here in radioscanner:
Although, of course, we can be wrong because a specific description of this function was not found TADIRAN HF modems.

The lower FSK 300Bd/780, after the initial 1-0 sync sequence pattern, delivers data and seems to have a 16-bit period. After differential demodulation the stream exhibits 8 solid bits columns in a 16-bit period and once removed the stream does not have a clearly defined period (Fig. 2).

Fig. 2 - bitstreams
Cryptomaster is inclined to the Machester modulation but I get errors in both the phase conventions (G.E.Thomas and IEEE 802), and he pointed me that the signal has a constant preamble whicH is not coded using Manchester (Fig. 3) and causes mistakes in decoding.

Fig. 3

As for as I can see, the same F7B + FSK125Bd structure is sent first but without the lower FSK300Bd (Fig. 4). The patterns are the same in the two FSK125Bd streams, perhaps it is used to initialize the (supposed) Tadiran noise blanker function?

Fig.4